Garden School:


Garden School:
Teaching this week: Nothing: my Trainee is on holiday!

Saturday, 7 June 2014

Box Balls: How to do a drastic chop.

Ah, the folly of putting a box ball on either side of a path... over the years, they get bigger and bigger, despite every effort of the Gardener (that would be me) to keep them tightly clipped.


Actually, to defend my professional reputation, I am very good at keeping topiary to the shape, size and proportion that is intended: these particular box balls belong to a garden which I only attend at irregular intervals, and they didn't always have as many clips as they should have!

Last week, the Client asked me to give them a good chop, as they were now so close together that he couldn't get the wheelbarrow through without scraping his knuckles, which was getting annoying.

So I set to work to give them a once-every-few-years Major Chop.

Warning: this is not for the faint-hearted!

Here we are at the start, and you can see how narrow the gap between them has become, and you can also see that they have lost their nice rounded "egg" shape, and have gone flat in the middle, due to people continually having to brush through.

It is clearly time for some attention and there are two main options: either you can dig them out and replace them with small ones, or you can give them a drastic chop - the plants are Box, Buxus sempervirens, which regrows well, when cut back.

So, what am I going to do? Instead of doing the normal trim which involves clipping off the new soft growth of an inch or two, I am going to cut off at least six inches (15cms), using secateurs instead of shears.

If the thought of doing this makes you faint with horror, I suggest  you look inside one of these clipped box topiaries some time: if you gently part the outside foliage, you will see that right down inside, where it is permanently dark and gloomy, there is a surprising amount of fresh new growth, in small sprouts. This tells you that the plant is one of those that will "come back" from a hard chop. Others include most Hebe, and Choisya, but most definitely do not include most conifer hedging!

My method is to simply part the foliage, insert one hand with the secateurs, go back as far as I think necessary, and simply start cutting. If the topiary is in fairly good shape apart from being too large, then if you take off the same amount each time, you will find that you retain the shape almost perfectly.

I find this does not work well with mechanical hedge-trimmers:; they can't cope with the thicker inner stems, and it is not easy to keep cutting a consistent depth inside the original outline. It might take a little longer by hand, but it's a lot more accurate, as well as being more peaceful for everyone around.

Here we are half way through the first one. (As you can see, my Client has wandered off and left me to it, which is the sensible thing to do. Nothing worse than having a Client hovering, wringing their hands nervously and saying, in quavering voice, "Isn't that enough, for now?")

You can see from the cut edge how I am taking off quite literally six inches, and am keeping the original shape.

Here we are half way through the exercise - one down, one to go.

Looks fairly bald and scary, doesn't it?!

And here they are, both chopped, and surrounded by a sea of bits!

All that remains now  is a little final tweaking of the shape, which I find is best done after clearing away the mess, so that you can more easily assess the shape, proportion and balance of the two plants.

Then they will get a fistful of  balanced fertiliser such as Growmore, and maybe some pelleted chicken manure, and a good watering. This should get them off to a good start on "greening up".

So there you have it - how to Be Bold with overgrown Box topiary.

 

UPDATE:  I had a question from ElsaTheLion, asking how long they would take to green up again.

As you can imagine, this is what I call a "piece of string" question, because there are a number of factors which come into play - starting with when you did it, going through what state the plants were in at the time, ie  how old they were,  how well established, how healthy they were: and the aftercare - as detailed above - makes a huge difference to the speed of the recovery.

Here's what they looked like in early August of the same year - as you can see, greening up nicely, but it will be a bit longer before they can be properly shaped.

It's important, I should also say, to start clipping them as soon as they start to regrow: don't leave it a year, thinking that you want them to regrow quickly, so you'll leave them un-cut.

Instead, clip them lightly, as soon as the new growth is a couple of inches long. This forces them to branch and thicken up, giving you a better, greener, thicker, covering of leaves.

Which, in the long term, will allow you to reshape them properly, all the sooner.


 


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4 comments:

  1. Brilliant blog. Very helpful. Thank you!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. So kind of you to say so, thank you, and I'm glad you found it helpful!

      Did you check out the one about cutting box balls into faces?

      https://rachel-the-gardener.blogspot.com/2020/04/how-to-make-box-ball-into-happy-smiling.html

      Delete
  2. Very useful! How long they start greening up again? Days, weeks or months?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Elsa (growl growl), that's what I call a "piece of string" question, because it depends so much on what time of year they're cut, how old the plants were (ie how well established), how healthy they were: and it also depends on whether the owner watered them, and fed them afterwards, and how regularly they did so. The weather also has an effect, as does the
      general soil condition.... so many reasons! I have found a photo from later on in the year, and I'll go in now, and edit the post, to add it.

      Excellent question, though, and thank you for asking it!

      Delete

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